47 AGE – podcast episode 47 – transcript

This time our episode is about AGE.

“to COME OF AGE” , “to be UNDERAGE” , “to be in one’s EARLY 30s” , “to LOOK one’s AGE”… learn a lot of expressions about age by listening to this new episode on iTunes or on podomatic :   http://info40650.podomatic.com/entry/2013-07-22T03_39_52-07_00

Here’s the transcript.
All the best,   


M :   this episode is about  AGE !

M :   Hi everybody,  we know it’s been a while since we uploaded our last episode, but we’re back now.

C :   Well, listeners, it was all Marta’s fault,  she spent a whole month in the States, lucky girl- so she’s the one to blame. Just kidding, hey Marta, welcome back!   How was your trip to Nashville, Tennessee and Austin, Texas?

M :  Amazing!  I think I’ve seen more concerts in that month alone than in the rest of my life.

C :  And you also played a couple of times, didn’t you?

M :  Yeah, when I played one of my songs in Nashville, the home of songwriting…well, I was on cloud nine!  I was as happy as a child!

C :  “As happy as a child”, right, and that takes us back to our episode about AGE.  Let’s start with CHILDHOOD, the first period of life.

M :  Ok, what’s the difference between a NEWBORN, an INFANT and a TODDLER ?

C : A newborn child is a baby boy or baby girl who is just a few weeks old, they are newly born. A newborn.  And when they are a few months old, instead they are usually referred to as infantsToddlers are babies who are learning to walk & talk, they’re between the ages of one and three years old, more or less.

M :  ok, any other words about kids?

C :  A child under school age is called a PRESCHOOLER.

M :  oh, I wish I had more memories of those carefree years before SCHOOL AGE!  Those sweet days spent in the open air, trying to feed as much wildlife as possible…

C :  were you already fond of animals back then?

M : Oh, yeah,  my childhood was all about cats, dogs, birds, lizards, frogs, hedgehogs, even mice, any little creature was lovely to my eyes and worth feeding.

C :  Well, you’re excused: you were a preschooler  and you couldn’t read the signs saying  “do not feed the wildlife”.

M :  You’re right!

C :  Let’s move on to that period of time after childhood and before ADULTHOOD: ADOLESCENCE and YOUTH.  When you attend high school or college you are an ADOLESCENT,  a YOUNGSTER.  In particular, if your age ranges between 13 to 19 (that is: you’re in your teens) you’re a TEENAGER.

M :   What’s next?

C :  Then you are an adult, in your twenties, in your thirties…  For example, Marta, you are in your thirties, right?

M :  yes.

C :  are you in your EARLY 30s, in your MID 30s or in your LATE 30s ?

M :  I am not going to reveal that,  not even under torture.

C :  ok!  Fair enough… Anyway:  to be in one’s early 30s means to be 31, 32,33, to be in one’s mid 30s means 34, 35,36, to be in one’s late 30s means 37 38 39.

M :  Ok, for the record:  I’m not old, just older,  like Bon Jovi would say.

C :  Marta I had no clue you were afraid of GETTING OLD, of AGEING.

M :  No, really, I was just kidding,  GROWING OLD implies being wiser and I like that. Plus “youth is a state of mind”,  ain’t that what they say?

C :  Yeah,  youth is a state of mind, that’s what I keep telling my back. It’s too early to give up now! J

M :  That’s the same for me!  J))  ok, let’s go on.

C :  People from 40 to 60 are usually referred to as MIDDLE-AGED PEOPLE.  While people over 60/65 are called:  SENIORS or ELDERLY.    For example:  Bono Vox from U2 is a middle-aged person, he’s in his early 50s I think.   Clint Eastwood is an elderly person, he’s in his 80s.

M :  ok…for example…Sting is ….oh my, it’s hard to believe it, but he’s in his 60s now…should I call that super handsome man a senior??

C :   Yeah, I know, some people do not LOOK THEIR AGE, they look younger.

M :  Sting doesn’t look his age, absolutely not.  He’s like….ageless.   Hey, speaking of age, I have to call Ashley!  It’s her birthday!  She has finally turned 18 !

C :  Turning 18 is an important step in a teenager’s life.  That’s when you COME OF AGE.

M :  to come of age?

C :  that means to reach the age at which you have your adult’s rights.

M :  oh, I see.   Ok, wait a second, it’s getting late & I really have to call her.   (dialing).

ASHLEY:    Hello?   Hello?   (loud music in the background)

M :   Hi Ashley!  It’s Marta calling!

ASHLEY:   Marta, is that you?  I can’t hear a thing! Hello? Hang on…I have to update my status…

M :   Yeah, turn the music down for a second, please!

Ashley:  I can’t, we’re all dancing here, it’s my birthday party!

M :  yeah, that’s why I’m calling,  happy birthday sweetheart!

Ashley:   thank you!  Oh, Marta, you know who’s here?  Do you remember Christopher the quarterback?  And his cousin Spencer, oh, and Jennifer has come with her sister, she’s wearing pink and silver… why don’t you come and join us? It’s the best party ever!  And make sure to wear those silver heels, I want to show them to Debbie, she’s gonna be so jealous!

M :  Ashley,  I’m sure it’s a great party, thank you for inviting me,  I’m sorry, I have to work.   But, tell me, are you excited to be 18?   You’re not UNDERAGE anymore!

Ashley:   Yeah!  I’m an adult now!  Isn’t it cool?  Oh, and you wouldn’t believe what my mother told me this morning!!

M :  what is that?

Ashley:  oh, this is going to blow you away!  My mother told me that now I have the right to vote!

M :  (laughs) actually…I kind of …knew that.

Ashley:   oh, that is sooooo cool.  You know what?  I already know who to vote for at the next elections.

M :  you do?

Ashley:  Uh huh, I do!  Now that I’m 18 I know all about politics and politicians and political…stuff….  My mother always rumbles on having a female President,  like it’s time for a woman to be in charge and gender equality –or…quality?-…whatever.

M :   so who is your candidate?

Ashley:  ok, are you ready? Rihanna…I know, I know. It’s a good idea, right? Because she like always looks good, no matter what she wears. And that’s like soooo important for a First Lady. She can like be a blonde, she can be a redhead….I need to put that on my status.

M :  Ashley?  I’m sorry it’s a very bad line, I can’t hear you anymore…

Cindy:   well….that’s Ashley!  She doesn’t seem to have grown up a lot, does she?

Marta:   oh my, I’m afraid she’s 18 but she still behaves as if she were 14 or so.

Cindy :  She’ll figure it out eventually…hopefully. Hey, that reminds me of another expression:  TO ACT ONE’S AGE, to behave according to one’s age.

Marta:   like in that song by Prince, “Kiss”.  It goes: “ACT YOUR AGE, not your shoe size”.

Cindy:   yeah, what is your shoe size Marta?

Marta:   9

Cindy:   so act your age (thirty something), don’t act like a 9 year old!

Marta:  act your age, got it.

Cindy:  it’s a good rule!


C :  Ok, listeners,  that’s all for now.  You can read the transcript of this episode on our website: www.myamericanfriendblog.com , Thanks for liking us on facebook,  following us on Twitter,  watching our videos on youtube, and listening to our podcast on iTunes and Podomatic.

M: See you soon!

C:  Bye bye!


46 MAKING MISTAKES – podcast episode 46 – transcript

This time our episode is about MAKING MISTAKES.

Here’s the transcript.

All the best,  


Listen to the episode on iTunes or here:



Marta: Today we’re talking about MAKING MISTAKES.
: Ugh! It’s 3 o’clock. Cindy was supposed to be here at noon! Where is she?!
Cindy:  Hey girl! How are ya? Ok, here’s your coffee and here’s your copy of the script. Can I borrow your headphones? Is this mic on?
Marta: Where have you been?
Cindy: What do you mean? I was at the coffee shop. What’s wrong with you? Why are you using the finger- tapping sound effect?
Marta: You SCREWED UP, you’re late! You said you’d be here at noon!
Cindy: No I didn’t.
Marta: You are late!
It’s 3. I’m always here at 3 o’clock. Look, I’m even a minute early- it’s only 2:59…oh wait, now it’s three.
 (Marta searching through text messages)  Look! Look!  Here’s your text… ‘’see you at noon! lol. smiley face!’’
Oh, I forgot!…I MESSED UP BIG TIME, didn’t I?
Yes, you messed up BIG time! That means you made a big mistake. We had a lot of material to discuss….
: ….and I was supposed to be here 3 hours ago. I’m sorry.
: We’re talking today about making mistakes.
: Oh good! …Here’s your coffee…. I’m an expert! (laughs)
: Aside from today’s BLUNDER….
: a blunder is a careless mistake….
: Can you think of any other huge ERRORS you’ve made?
Oh, you want to know about like EPIC FAILS? Really huge failures?
uh huh.
Well, dying my hair red was a MAJOR FAIL! I won’t be doing that again anytime soon!
: No Cindy, I’m talking about a situation where you just fell flat on your face.
Ok, TO FALL FLAT ON YOUR FACE means to fail in an embarrassing way. Well, I’ve never been good at Math. I had to take high school Algebra twice.
: Twice?
: Twice! And I remember having this big Algebra exam. It was like a sink or swim moment. I had to pass the exam or I would have to repeat the class the following year. SINK OR SWIM
: What happened?
: No!
Yes! Five minutes into the exam, my brain just froze and I forgot everything. I BOMBED. I failed the exam and the following year, when all of my classmates had moved onto the next level, I was still stuck in Level 1 Algebra. It was embarrassing!
So you FLUNKED? You failed your Algebra exam?
Oh, I CHOKED! I BIT THE DUST HARD! I couldn’t remember the first thing about Algebra! In fact, that’s why I was late this afternoon, I’m still trying to pass my high school Algebra exam! (laughs)How about you Marta? Can you think of any GAFFES, screw-ups or a faux pas that you’ve made recently?
Well, no. Not since this morning anyways! (laughs) Hey Cindy, what was that last expression you used? Did you say FAUX PAS? That’s French. It literally translates to false step.
Yes, a faux pas. That’s a commonly used expression. It means a social blunder, an error, an inappropriate remark. Someone had committed a major faux pas against a friend of mine recently.
: What happened?
Well, a woman asked my friend if she was pregnant. She’s not pregnant!
: That’s a serious faux pas!
: Don’t ever ask a woman if she is pregnant unless you are 100% sure….
: …that she is in fact pregnant!
: Ugh, people can be so cruel nowadays! I love the expression: ‘’If you don’t have anything nice to say, don’t say anything at all!’’
Marta: That’s good advice!
Hey Marta, why don’t we take a break for now and go out and grab a pizza? My treat, I’ll pay. I want TO MAKE IT UP TO YOU for being 3 hours late today.
Oh…that’s okay Cindy…really, it’s no problem…I forgive you….
No, really. I feel terrible. I want to make it up to you. Let me buy you dinner tonight….I insist.
No…let’s just stay inside and finish working. I’ll fix sandwiches and…
Come on! Let’s go outside! We have all night to work. I’ll get our coats.
Cindy, have you even looked in the mirror today?! Look at your outfit!
What?? It’s a red blouse!
…with a violet skirt…
…and green shoes! What’s the problem? I thought it would be fun and colorful! Was that a mistake?
: A mistake? Your outfit is not a mistake, it’s a crime against fashion!
Oh…you’re right! I should have worn the yellow blouse instead!
Did you get dressed in a dark closet today?
Hey, whatever happened to ‘’if you don’t have anything nice to say- then don’t say anything at all’’??
I’m sorry, but your outfit defies all logic!

Marta:  Thanks for listening everyone!
Thanks everyone! And be sure to read the bonus Vocabulary section at the end of this transcript.
Stop by our Facebook page today and say hi!
Follow us on Twitter and watch our videos on Youtube! Download additional episodes of ‘’my American friend’’ on Podomatic and iTunes and be sure to check out our blog at www.myamericanfriendblog.com
: Take care, everyone! Bye!



1. To “screw up”- to make a mistake.
EXAMPLE: You screwed up! Football practice started at 1 o’clock and you’re 2 hours late. You’re never going to be ready for Saturday’s game!

2. to “mess up’’ or to “mess up big time”- to make a huge mistake.
EXAMPLE: I messed up big time with Barbara! I went to the movies with another girl last Friday. Barbara’s friend saw us together. She immediately called and told her what I did. I really liked Barbara but now she never wants to see me again.

3. A “blunder” – to make a stupid or careless mistake.
EXAMPLE: I made a huge blunder at my sister’s wedding when I mistakenly thought her father-in-law was a waiter.

4. An “error”- a mistake.
EXAMPLE: It is very important to make a habit of proof-reading your work and utilizing spell check to avoid unnecessary errors that could cause you to earn a lower grade.

5. An epic fail- a term used by young people meaning to make a very big mistake.
EXAMPLE: Don’t even try to skateboard off that hill! It’s too steep. You’re going to lose control and crash. Don’t do it, it would be an epic fail!

6. Major fail- big failure, big mistake
EXAMPLE: How was your job interview today?
ANSWER: It was a major fail on my part! I dressed too casually in jeans & a t-shirt. Everyone was wearing neatly ironed shirts & ties. I called the boss by his first name instead of Mr. Jones and I forgot to bring my portfolio. I was completely unprepared. I’ll never get the job now!

7. to “fall flat on one’s face”- to fail in an embarrassing way.
EXAMPLE: Susan was not prepared for her big presentation at the conference. She had failed to memorize the material and did not write a very professional or convincing speech to accompany her presentation. This was her first big conference and she fell flat on her face by being badly prepared & unprofessional.

8. “Sink or swim”-  Fail or succeed.
EXAMPLE: Your 1 month probation period has ended here at the company. It’s “sink or swim” time now! You’ll have to do your best to succeed and not make any more mistakes otherwise you will be fired.

9. Brain freeze- to forget, unable to remember something.
EXAMPLE: I had a total brain freeze when I met Susan. She was so beautiful that I couldn’t even speak. I could barely remember my own name to introduce myself! J

10. to “bomb” at something- to perform badly
EXAMPLE: Last year I tried playing basketball but I bombed miserably! I lost the ball, lost my balance, fell flat on my face and spent the rest of the basketball season on the bench. I’m much better at football. Next year I will try out for the school football team.

11. to flunk- to fail, as in to fail an exam
EXAMPLE: Did you pass your driver’s exam?
ANSWER: No, I flunked the written part of the exam. I need to study the driver’s manual better and take the exam again next month. I’m determined to NEVER flunk again!

12. I “choked”- I failed, forgot the words, performed badly
EXAMPLE: I choked at my music recital! I forgot the words to the songs!

13. To bite the dust-  to break, fail, give out, die
EXAMPLE: John’s old car bit the dust last week. The engine finally died. He has decided to buy a new car instead of installing a new engine.

14. a ‘’gaffe’’- a social blunder or a noticeable mistake.
EXAMPLE: Susan committed a major gaffe during the diner party when she called John’s date by his ex-girlfriend’s name! We tried to stop her but it was too late.

15. to make a “faux pas”- (French) a social blunder, an inappropriate remark.
EXAMPLE: It is considered a great faux pas to ask a woman if she is pregnant if you are not first 100% sure that she is in fact pregnant!

16. To “make it up to someone”- to make amends
EXAMPLE: I’m sorry that you had to do my job yesterday. I want to make it up to you and show you how much I appreciate your help. I want to take you out for dinner and it’s my treat, I’m paying for it.

17. A “crime against fashion”- (joke) a very ugly outfit, an offense against fashion.
EXAMPLE: Did you see what that famous actress wore to the Oscars? That was a crime against fashion! That dress was so ugly! I can’t believe her stylist allowed her to wear it.

18. To ‘’go belly up’’- to fail, to go out of business
EXAMPLE: That pizza restaurant in town was very poorly managed. The owner spent all his money on fancy clothes and cars instead of improving the business. In one year the business went belly up and the restaurant closed its doors forever.

19. to ‘’Put my foot in my mouth’’ – to say something regretful
EXAMPLE: I put my foot in my mouth when I told my boss how great my ski trip was last week! I lied and said I wasn’t feeling well last week. Now she knows it was all a huge lie. I’ve made a big mistake and it will take a long time to earn her trust again.

20. To eat one’s words- to admit defeat, admit you were wrong.
EXAMPLE: John said Mark would be a terrible addition to the football team. John said he was too young and inexperienced. John had to eat his words when Mark became the team’s most valuable player by scoring the most goals during the season.

21. Politically incorrect- an offensive statement based on race, religion, sex, etc..
EXAMPLE: Politically incorrect and offensive statements will not be tolerated in this office. We work in a culturally diverse environment where we welcome people of all backgrounds.

22. To get carried away- to become overexcited, to overdue something, to be excessive
EXAMPLE: John got a little carried away when painting his bedroom. Now the entire room is blue! He even painted the floor and the doorknobs blue!

23. Frame of mind- mental state
EXAMPLE: I did very poorly on my final exam. I was sick with the flu, very tired and not in a good frame of mind. My professor knew I had been sick. He was very kind and allowed me to take the exam over. I got a much better score the second time and I am grateful for the second chance!

45 SOME ANY NO – podcast episode 45 – transcript

How to use the words SOME ANY and NO.

Here’s our new episode!

Enjoy!  🙂   Marta

Listen to the episode on iTunes or here:  



M :  today’s episode is about how to use the words: SOME ANY and NO !

C :  hey, Marta, why did you choose this topic?

M :  uh..well,  I teach English in a private school here in Italy, my course is called “English Amplifier”

C :  yes, and all of your students are so nice and so smart!

M :  you’re right, they are wonderful, all of them.  And they’ve been amazing this last year,  they have improved so much.  Let me send them a big hello:  hey guys, you’re the best!

C :  Hey guys!

M :  Back to your question, some of my students at English Amplifier asked me about the difference between “some” and “any”.  And I thought that maybe it could be interesting to our listeners as well.

C :  Ok, let’s start by saying that ‘SOME’ is used in positive statements and ‘ANY’ in questions and negative statements.

M :  Right.

C :  for example :   Marta, do you have any friends in Michigan ?

M :  Yes, I do.  I have some dear friends in Michigan.

C :  And do you have any friends in New Zealand ?

M :  uhm… no, I don’t have any friends there.  I don’t know anybody from New Zealand. Not yet.

C :  Do you know anybody living in Australia?

M :  I do know somebody living in Down Under,  yes,  our beautiful friend Laura.

C : Hi Laura! Find a cute Koala bear and give him some nice big kisses from me and Marta.  🙂

M :  Ok, the main rule is clear.  SOME in positive statements and ANY in questions and negative sentences.

C :  But whenever there’s a rule, there is  also….

M :  ….the exception to the rule?

C :  Exactly.  SOME is used in questions  -instead of any-  when we’re dealing with REQUESTS  for example:  “Excuse me, could you give me some information about this museum?” or :  “Can I have some water please?”

M :  and OFFERS,  like in :  Would you like some bread?   Can I get you something to drink?

C :  Right,  again:  we use SOME in questions only for OFFERS and REQUESTS.

M :  Ok, got it.

C :  now let’s take a better look at negative sentences.  Let’s imagine …an empty fridge.

M :  how sad!  Ok, the fridge is empty…and I’m hungry.

C :  I’m sorry Marta,  There isn’t any food in the fridge.

M :  There isn’t any food in the fridge.  Not Any.  That’s  “any” used in a negative sentence.

C :  Right, but I can also say:   There is no food in the fridge.

M :  “no” stands for “not any”.

C :  when “no” is used the verb is positive.   For example:.   there isn’t anything to eat.  There is nothing to eat.   Or:   There aren’t any kangaroos in Italy.   There are no kangaroos in Italy.

M :  Laura, please, next time you visit Italy bring us some kangaroos! 🙂

C :    Kangaroos, koalas, wombats…we’ll be happy with petting any cute animals from Australia.

M :   oh, wait a second.  You’ve just used “any” in a positive sentence.

C :  yes,  when “any” is used in a positive statement it means : “it doesn’t matter which”.  For example:  “you can call me any time in the afternoon”. or:  “A mother can do anything for her children”.     Or :  Where do you want to go on vacation this summer?  We can go anywhere as long as there are beaches and sunshine.”

M :  Sunshine!  We definitely could use some sunshine here in northern Italy.

C :  oh yeah, we’ve had a most unusual and terrible winter, with a lot of snow, never-ending rain and even hailstorms lately.   Anyway, it’s May now and the weather will improve for sure.

M :  Quoting the film “The Crow” :  it can’t rain all the time!  🙂

C :  We hope so!

C : Ok, listeners,  that’s all for now.  You can find the transcript of this episode on our blog: www.myamericanfriendblog.com ,  Thank you everyone for liking us on facebook,  following us on Twitter,  watching our videos on youtube.  We have received a lot of comments lately,  we’re always very happy to hear from you.   Special thanks to :

M :  Olivier, Bairma, Gabor, Sergio, Afshin, Gertraud, Manfred, Angela, Hoa Tran, Alessandro, Igor, Letizia.  Thanks everybody!  Bye bye!

C : Bye!

44 ANIMALS – podcast episode 44 – transcript

“to be PACKED IN LIKE SARDINES”, “to have EYES LIKE A HAWK”, “to EAT CROW” …. learn a lot of animal-related expressions by listening to our new episode!

Here’s the transcript.

Enjoy!  🙂   Marta

Listen to the episode on iTunes or here:  http://info40650.podomatic.com/entry/2013-04-06T07_51_12-07_00


Marta: Today we’re talking about “ANIMALS” !

Cindy: Hi Marta! Hey Marta, I love your hair & make-up today! You look beautiful!

Marta: Thank you, Cindy!

Cindy: You’re a STONE-COLD FOX!

Marta: Uh?…that’s a compliment, right??

Cindy: Yes! To call someone a ‘’stone cold fox’’ is a great compliment! It means they’re very good looking!

Marta: ok, then. You’re right then, I AM a stone cold fox!    🙂

Cindy:  Y’know, Marta, I was thinking that you love animals so much and I love animals, and I’m sure that we have a lot of listeners out there who love animals too. Wouldn’t it be fun to do an episode about animal-related idioms and expressions?

Marta: Sounds great!

Cindy: Alright get the sound effects button ready.    Let’s begin with your home: you’ve got a BIRD’S EYE VIEW through your living room window! It’s incredible! I can see all the surrounding hills.

Marta: A bird’s eye view.

Cindy: A bird’s eye view means you’re high up and you have a good view of everything below you. A bird’s eye view.

Marta: I like that! How about another?

Cindy: Ok, what if I say ‘’John has EYES LIKE A HAWK!’’

Marta: Then he must have very good vision?

Cindy: Exactly, if someone has ‘’eyes like a hawk’’ they have very good vision and are attentive to everything.

Marta: What if we refer to someone as being ‘’LIKE A PARROT’’?

Cindy: Oh, here we must be very careful!  🙂   Little children are like parrots– they’ll repeat everything you say! So be sure to only use polite language around them!

Marta: Useful advice! Cindy, I once heard the expression ‘’TO EAT CROW’’, what does it mean?

Cindy: To ‘’eat crow’’ means admitting that you were wrong and then suffering humiliation from it! We don’t actually eat a bird, a crow, it’s just an expression.

Marta: Can you give us a sentence?

Cindy: Sure! Steve had been bragging all year long about how his favorite football team was so awesome and they would surely beat out everyone to win the Super Bowl….

Marta: I remember!

Cindy: But when his team failed to even make the play-offs, he had to eat crow and finally admit they were a terrible team!

Marta: Got it.

Cindy: Better luck next time loser!

Marta: Ok, we’ve got it! There’s no reason to be mean to Steve!

Cindy: But seriously, Steve, your team is made up of a bunch of like DINOSAURS!!

Marta: Why? Because they’re old?

Cindy: …and nearly extinct! Seriously, they’re like slow…like a bunch of TURTLES. My grandmother moves faster than his team.

Marta: (sigh) ….moving on.

Cindy: Let’s talk about bugs.

Marta: You know I HATE bugs!

Cindy: I know, but unfortunately the word ‘’bug’’ is used everywhere. We can use ‘’BUG’’ to describe a problem with our computer.

Marta: Right.

Cindy: We also use ‘’bug’’ to refer to a minor illness, like a head cold or the stomach flu. If I say: I’m feeling really tired today and I’ve got a headache and a sore throat.’’

Marta: Hmm…then you must have CAUGHT A ‘’BUG’’. Ok, Cindy…let’s change the subject! Talking about bugs is starting to bug me!

Cindy: (whispering) That means she’s annoyed!

Marta: If you want to talk about bugs- then I will talk about snakes!

Cindy: No!! Not snakes! I hate snakes!

Marta: If I call someone a ‘’SNAKE’’.

Cindy: Then it’s not a compliment. It means they are sneaky, crafty, untrustworthy. Ok, ok, that’s enough creepy stuff. I’m starting to get GOOSE BUMPS Ick! Snakes!

Marta: When talking about snakes, Cindy is a big CHICKEN!

Cindy: It’s true! If someone is a chicken, that means they’re afraid, or not very brave. For example: I never watch horror movies- I’m too chicken!

Marta: It’s just acting! It’s not real!

Cindy: You wanna know the last time I watched a horror movie?

Marta: You’re a chicken!

Cindy: That’s right I am. 1999. That’s the last time I saw a horror movie in a theater. 1999. I saw ‘’The Sixth Sense’’ with Bruce Willis.

Marta: I would have loved to have been a ‘’FLY ON THE WALL’’ in that movie theater!

Cindy: Great expression! ‘’A fly on the wall’’ that means you want to quietly watch & hear what happens in a room- without anyone actually knowing that you are there. ‘’A fly on the wall’’. It’s a good one.     Oh, how about ‘’THE ELEPHANT IN THE ROOM’’?

Marta: That’s an obvious problem or situation that nobody wants to discuss.

Cindy: ‘’The elephant in the room’’

Marta: And if you can’t see the elephant in the room?

Cindy: That would be me! I have terrible vision! (laughs) If someone has very poor vision then we say ‘’they are BLIND AS A BAT!’’

Marta: Someone with poor vision is ‘’blind as a bat’’. Got it.

Cindy: And speaking of vision, it’s nice to see the sunshine again isn’t it? I think we’re finally at the tail end of winter. It’s nearly over.

Marta: I hope so.

Cindy: Before you know it, it will be warm & sunny…

Marta: …and we’ll all be back at the beach!

Cindy: PACKED IN LIKE SARDINES!  🙂    If we say ’we’re packed in like sardines’’ that means there are a lot of people packed into a small area, like sardines (small fish) in a can.

Marta: …or like an Italian beach during mid-August!

Cindy: Oh my, if any of you have ever experienced an Italian beach during mid-August- you will surely understand the meaning of ‘’packed in like sardines’’   🙂   And we invite you to take a look at the vocabulary at the end of this transcript. It’s PACKED with lots of fun animal-related expressions and idioms!

Marta: Cindy, are you trying to WORM YOUR WAY OUT OF this episode?

Cindy: Am I trying to avoid the responsibility of doing my job? Uh, yeah!!! The sun is shining for like the first time in a month! Let’s go out and enjoy it!

Marta: Good idea! Thank you for listening everyone!

Cindy: Thanks everyone…and a special thanks to my husband Gio who gave us the idea for this episode! Have a great day everybody! And be sure to come visit us on our blog at www.myamericanfriendblog.com. You can also catch us on Facebook, iTunes, Podomatic, Twitter and Youtube!



1. A ‘’stone cold fox’’- Slang term for someone very good looking, attractive, hot, beautiful, handsome.

EXAMPLE: Susan is a stone cold fox! She’s so beautiful. All the guys in the office are crazy about her!

2. To have a ‘’bird’s-eye view’’- An excellent view from high above the ground.

EXAMPLE: I love airplane travel because I can have a bird’s eye view of the Earth. From my window, I can see mountains, rivers, fields and clouds. It’s fascinating for me!

3. to have ‘’eyes like a hawk’’- to have excellent vision, like that of a hawk. To be very attentive to your surroundings. To watch everything. To pay close attention.

EXAMPLE: My mother has eyes like a hawk! She always knew when my brothers & I were about to get into some mischief! She always caught us before we did anything wrong.

4. To be ‘’like a parrot’’-to repeat everything one hears, like a parrot.

EXAMPLE: We are always very careful not to use any bad language in front of my 3 year old niece. She’s like a little parrot, she repeats everything she hears from the adults!

5. To eat crow- to admit you were wrong after making a strong argument and suffer humiliation afterwards.

6. To refer to something as a ‘’dinosaur’’- to imply that something is old, outdated, antique, slow.

EXAMPLE: My laptop computer is a dinosaur! It’s old, functions slowly and crashes quite often. I must save my money and purchase a new one this year.

7. Computer bug- an error, flaw, failure or fault in a computer program or system

EXAMPLE: Tomorrow I’ll take my laptop to be repaired. I must have a bug. It keeps crashing, causing me to lose all my unsaved data.

8. To catch a bug- to contract a minor ailment like a head cold or the stomach flu.

EXAMPLE: I’m feeling very tired today. My throat is sore and I have a headache too. I must have caught a bug. Tonight I will go to bed early and get a good night’s sleep.

9.To ‘’bug’’ someone- to annoy someone

EXAMPLE: It’s easy to bug my sister. She hates my preference in music. I love listening to rap. She always becomes annoyed whenever I turn my stereo on!

10. To call someone ‘’a snake’’- to call them untrustworthy, dishonest, sneaky, crafty.

EXAMPLE: My sister’s ex-boyfriend is nothing but a snake. He lied to her and cheated on her with her best friend. Our parents were so happy when she finally broke up with him because he was a terrible person.

11.  To get ‘’goose bumps’’ from something-   a roughness of the skin produced by erection of its papillae especially from cold, fear, or a sudden feeling of excitement (Merriam-Webster definition)

You can get goose bumps from either good or bad sensations.

EXAMPLE of a bad sensation: My uncle is terrified of spiders. Every time we talk about spiders he gets goose bumps and his face turns pale. We never mention spiders any more when he is around us! J

EXAMPLE of a good sensation: I got goose bumps when I heard Whitney Houston sing The Star Spangled Banner at the Super Bowl back in 1991. She had the most incredible singing voice I had ever heard.

12. To be a ‘’chicken’’– to be easily scared, not brave, without courage.

EXAMPLE: I’m such a chicken when I watch horror movies! I am so easily scared that I spend the entire movie with my hands covering my eyes!

13. To be a ‘’a fly on the wall’’- to go unnoticed, to quietly observe without speaking or calling attention to yourself.

EXAMPLE: I would like to be a fly on the wall during the board meeting this afternoon. I would like to see how the decisions are being made about our company’s future.

14. An elephant in the room- an obvious subject, problem, situation that no one wants to talk about.

EXAMPLE: Everyone was smiling & friendly during the office meeting, but nobody wanted to discuss the elephant in the room– which is the future of the company and our job security. For months, the company has been falling deeper into debt and rumors of layoffs & bankruptcy are flying around the office.

15. To be as ‘’blind as a bat’’- to have poor vision, a joke term meaning someone’s vision is so poor they must use sonar instead of their eyes to ‘’see’’ what is around them.

EXAMPLE: I’m blind as a bat without my glasses! I must wear them all the time in order to see clearly.

16. To be ‘’at the tail end’’ of something- to be at the end of something

EXAMPLE: I purchased my airline ticket at the last moment and therefore my seat was located at the tail end of the aircraft.

17. To be ‘’packed in like sardines’’- many people packed into a small area.

EXAMPLE: The heat was oppressive in the disco. We were packed in like sardines with no open windows. It was very hot and unpleasant. We left early and went for a walk on the beach instead of dancing.

18. To worm your way out of something- To avoid responsibility, to make excuses and leave before the job is finished

EXAMPLE: My brother was supposed to clean his room today but he wormed his way out of it by saying he had to study for a big exam on Monday.

19. Crocodile tears- fake tears, insincere emotions

Although they worked together for many years, Susan always hated Barbara. She was petty & jealous of everything Barbara had accomplished and spoke unkindly about her. When Barbara was fired from her job because of budget cuts, everyone in the office was sad. Susan cried crocodile tears. Everybody knew it was a false display of emotion because Susan had been so mean to Barbara.

20. Something ‘’smells fishy’’- Something sounds dishonest, to suspect someone of lying

EXAMPLE: Although John had a good excuse for arriving home at 3am, Barbara thought something ‘’smelled fishy’’. John had been spending a lot of time away from home lately and she suspected he may be having an affair with another woman.

21. To be ‘’sly as a fox’’- to be crafty, sneaky.

EXAMPLE: I never take my car to that mechanic! He’s as sly as a fox. If you go in for an oil change, you’ll leave with a new engine! He’s very good at finding ways to charge you extra money for simple jobs.

22. To be as ‘’slow as a snail’’- to move very slowly

EXAMPLE: I really need to purchase a new computer, the one I have is 10 years old and slow as a snail!

23. Snail mail- letters, cards and packages stamped & sent the traditional way using the postal service, instead of electronically through email.

EXAMPLE: My aunt Barbara prefers to send letters through snail mail. She’s never learned to use a computer. She laughs and says she’s too old to learn now.

24. To be a ‘’bull in a china shop’’- by using the word ‘’china’’ we refer to fine, delicate dishware (not the country of China). Expression to describe a person who is clumsy, rough, awkward, unsophisticated, destructive.

EXAMPLE: My brother is like a bull in a china shop! He’s so clumsy. My mother is always buying new dishes and glasses because my brother has a tendency to break everything he touches.

25. To be as ‘’strong as an ox’’- to be very strong, to have the strength of an ox.

My brother is an excellent athlete. He’s as strong as an ox! He’s very good in wrestling and weight lifting.

26. To be as ‘’stubborn as a mule’’- to be very stubborn, hard headed, unwilling to change opinion or listen to advice.

My sister’s car is a piece of junk. It’s always breaking down and costing her lots of money in repairs. I keep telling her to buy a new car but she’s as stubborn as a mule and refuses to listen to me. She thinks her old car is just fine.

43 WORKING OUT – podcast episode 43 – transcript

Which activities do you do to KEEP IN SHAPE ?
Here’s our new episode, it’s about DOING PHYSICAL EXERCISE.

Enjoy!  🙂   Marta

Listen to the episode on iTunes or here:  http://info40650.podomatic.com/entry/2013-03-02T03_54_01-08_00


M:  This episode is about  WORKING OUT !

C: Hello everybody!  It’s very important to maintain a healthy lifestyle.  We all need to have regular check-ups, we need to eat a healthful diet and to exercise.

M:   DOING PHYSICAL EXERCISE not only helps us to STAY FIT,  it also improves our emotional well-being.

C :  It’s true,  it helps us burn off stress.   In this episode you’ll learn a lot of vocabulary about EXERCISING and STAYING FIT.  But don’t worry, Marta and I have no intention of turning you into FITNESS FREAKS.

M: …into…what?

C:  a “fitness freak”  is someone obsessed with fitness, almost addicted to going to the gym.  J

M: ok, I understand.   Now, back to our episode, where do we start from?

C:  from the word “SHAPE”.  TO BE IN GOOD SHAPE or BAD SHAPE.  For example:  James goes running three times a week, he’s in good shape.  Meaning: He’s healthy and fit.

M:   He’s in good shape.  Ok.

C:   Or TO STAY / TO KEEP / TO GET IN SHAPE.   For example:  Susan is a little overweight, she has just started going to the gym, I’m sure she will get in shape very soon.  Or:   Mary goes hiking every weekend, that’s how she keeps in shape.

M :  Ok,  got it.  What kind of activities can we do to stay in shape?

C :   Watch out,  because to describe those activities in English we use three different verbs:  TO DO,  TO GO and TO PLAY.

M :  Let’s start with to do.

C :  For example:  to do yoga,  to do karate,  to do aerobics…

M :  To play?

C :  to play sports,  like in :  to play volleyball, to play baseball,  to play soccer,  to play tennis,  to play golf…

M :  to go?

C :  to go hiking,  to go swimming,  to go jogging,  to go bike riding or to go cycling,  to go skiing,  to go for a walk and  to go to the gym.

M :  How about the word “WORKOUT” ?

C :  to WORK OUT means to do physical exercise,  so what you do is a workout.

M :  to work out.  Ok.

C :  For example:  Ted is in really bad shape.  He needs to go to the gym and work out.

M :  Ok, what could this Ted do in the gym TO GET HIMSELF BACK INTO SHAPE?

C :  well, first of all, he could lay off the cheeseburgers…  🙂

M: …after that

C: Well, Ted could start with some WARM UP exercises.

M :  warm up exercises?

C :  when you do warm up exercises…or we could just call it a “warm up” you get your body ready for exercise,  for example by stretching, by doing a light workout on an EXERCISE BIKE,  by walking on a TREADMILL…

M :  wait, wait,  the exercise bike is the stationary bike we use indoors, like the exercise bike you gave me and now I have in my apartment and use quite often,  but what is a treadmill?

C :  the treadmill is that piece of equipment we use to walk or run while staying in place,  because we run on a moving belt.  I have one in my office, I love it!

M :  ok,  back to our Ted who’s trying to get fit,  what could he do after his warm-up session?

C :   Eat lettuce….  🙂

M: Hmm, good idea, but maybe he could do something more?

C: He could DO SIT-UPS and PUSH-UPS.

M :  can you explain that please?

C :  Sure, ok, Marta, lay on the floor.

M :  what?

C :  Lay down on the floor, on your back, with your legs bent.

M :  Cindy, are you my personal trainer or what??

C :  come on, Marta.  (sound of whistle blowing) On the floor. Sacrifice yourself for our podcast and our listeners. Do it for the sake of your art!

M :  all right. There, ok, give me a second, there, I’m lying flat on my back.

C :  now lift up almost to a sitting position then lie back down again,  over and over again, ok, good.  You’re DOING SIT-UPS.  You’re actually strengthening your abdominals, or your “stomach muscles”.

M :  (shortness of breath)  ok, what’s next, boss?

C :   now lie face down on the floor, put your hands on the floor under your shoulders.  Ok, now push your body up and let it down slowly.  Great, you’re DOING PUSH-UPS.   Keep going, Marta, keep your back straight,  come on,  18, 19, 20, 21….

M :  (shortness of breath)  hey hey, wait a second,  don’t you think our listeners have already understood what push-ups are??!

C :  yes,  but I’m beginning to like being a personal trainer…  Now, Marta, let’s move on to WEIGHT LIFTING.   Ok. Here are your weights.

M :  do I really have to do this?

C :  Yes, weren’t you the one talking about how physical exercise is important for our well-being at the beginning of this episode?

M :  ok, but you said that too.

C :  right,  aren’t you happy that I’m this concerned about your well-being??!?

M :  ok, ok,  I’ll lift weights,  but you have to go on with the episode and tell our listeners other useful vocabulary and idioms.

C :  No problem, all right. Here’s another way of saying to lift weights : to PUMP IRON.

M :  to pump iron.  (desperately out of breath)  like …what I’m doing…right now?

C : lifting weights over and over again -combined with a healthful diet- until you look like the female version of The Rock, Dwayne Johnson.   That’s to pump iron.

M :  oh, my!  I surrender, I just can’t keep going…

C :  ok, Marta,  do some stretching now while I explain the verb TO WORK OFF.  That means to work out in order to lose weight.  For example:   Jennifer is on a diet but she had a rich dessert at lunch.  Tonight she is going swimming to work off that dessert.  Or:  with the workout done during this episode Marta has worked off a few pounds.

M :  I hope so!   And talking about losing weight, can you explain the idiom: TO HAVE A SPARE TIRE?

C : If you have a spare tire you have fat accumulated around your waist,  a sort of roll of flesh. To have a spare tire, this idiom gives quite a visual, doesn’t it?

M : it does.  🙂

C :  so, for example,  Kate is getting a spare tire, she decided to go on a diet and work out in order to get rid of it as quickly as possible.

M :  Well, listeners,  that’s all for now.  We hope you are all in good shape.

C :  if not, we wish you to get yourself back into shape soon.


C: Thank you for listening our podcast on iTunes and on podomatic!  Thank you for liking our Facebook page, for following us on twitter, for watching our videos on youtube and for visiting our website:  www.myamericanfriendblog.com

M : We’ve had an incredible number of downloads from Vietnam lately and also from China, Japan, South Korea.

C : We’d like to send out a special thank you to our new listeners from Asia,  we welcome you into the “my American friend” family!  We’ll be waiting for your comments and suggestions for future episodes.

M :  And a heartfelt thank you to all our old friends as well! See you soon,  bye bye!

42 TO HEAR vs TO LISTEN – podcast episode 42 – transcript

What’s the difference between the verbs TO HEAR and TO LISTEN ?

Enjoy!  🙂   Marta

Listen to the episode on iTunes or here:  



M – to HEAR vs to LISTEN.  We’re dealing with PERCEPTION VS INTENTION.  (sound of phone ringing)…. Uh… Have you heard that sound, Cindy?  Is that your phone ringing?


C – Yes, it is.  Sorry, Marta,  I need to take this call.


M –  No problem.


C – Hello?  Hello? Honey, can you hear me?  Honey? I’m afraid it’s a very bad line,  I can hardly hear your voice,  can you repeat that?  Wait a second… ok, now I can hear you very well. Uh uh… you took the car to the garage… is it ok now? Ok. Go ahead, I’m listening. I’m all ears. Oh, I see, you need my credit card for the bill… mmmm… how much is it?  (gasping)… Honey? I’m afraid I can’t hear you anymore….hello?   (hanging up).


M – How come that you couldn’t hear the voice exactly when they told you the total amount you’re supposed to pay?


C –  Cell phones! :))  Com’on,  let’s move on with this episode.  Here’s a good example to understand the difference between to hear and to listen:    I was listening to my favorite song at full volume when I heard my neighbors knocking on the door.    Marta, can you comment?


M – well, you’d better use earphones.  :)))   Your neighbors shouldn’t complain, though,  you have good taste in music,  I’m sure it was a great song.


C – It was! Anyway, about to listen vs to hear?


M –  You were listening to your favorite song, intentionally, actively, when you heard your neighbors knocking,  you heard a sound unintentionally, you just heard it, without wanting to.


C – Exactly.   Another example: imagine there’s a football game on TV, let’s say….Miami Dolphins VS San Francisco 49ers.


M  –  Wow,  my husband would be excited about that!


C –  Now try and tell him something important while he’s watching his favorite football team playing.


M –  Hey, darling, I have great news!   (game commentary on the TV….)  Babe… did you hear what I’ve just said?  I have great news!!


F – …what? Oh, sorry, Marta, I wasn’t listening.


M –  are you listening now?


F – Sure, baby,  I’m all ears.  (TV :  touch down Miami…)  touch down!!  Touch down Miami !!


C –  Yeah, that’s just the way it goes!   “Did you hear what I said?  I’m sorry, I wasn’t listening.”   It’s not your fault, Marta,  it’s the power of American football.


M –  It’s ok.   Now how about using a few songs?


C –  Sure, let’s start with Adele   “I heard that you settled down….”


M –  In this sentence “I heard” means:   I got to know,  I found out,  I was told that…


C –  For example:  “Have you heard that Jane got married last month?”   Or   “I heard that you got promoted,  congratulations!”


M –  ok,  here’s another song:  “I heard it through the grapevine”


C –  “I heard it through the grapevine”,  it means:  I heard a rumor,  people are talking about it, so that’s how I got to know about it.


M –  And now Beyoncé :  “Listen!!”


C – Beyoncé must be angry with someone there.  If you say: Listen to me!  you’re demanding attention.   (phone ringing)  hang on just a minute Marta, oh, it’s the mechanic calling, the car must be finished.  Just a moment, I need to take this call.
…Hello?  Yes…how much? Are you f***ing kidding me?  How much? That’s a $100 job and you want how much?  No, you LISTEN to me!  I’ll be there in one hour and we’ll talk about it when I get there.


M  –  Cindy,  you scare me   :))


C – Did you hear that?


M –  Yes, I was listening!


C – Well, I’m gonna give the garage something to listen to when we’re done here.



M – And actually, we’re done here.   Ok, everybody,  we hope we helped you understand the difference between to HEAR and to LISTEN,  perception vs intention.


C – Now LISTEN UP, I’m about to tell you our website address:  www.myamericanfriendblog.com

We’ve uploaded more than 40 episodes so far…


M – And if you haven’t heard our previous episodes, HAVE A LISTEN!


C – You can hear us on youtube, podomatic and iTunes.  We’re also on Twitter and be sure to like us on Facebook.


M-  Bye bye!

41 SICK – podcast episode 41 – transcript

Are you feeling “UNDER THE WEATHER” ?   Here’s our new episode about being “SICK”.  

Learn new expressions such as:  TO CATCH A COLD,  a RUNNY NOSE,  TO FEEL LIGHT HEADED.

Wishing everybody a happy and healthy day!  🙂   Marta


Listen to the episode on iTunes or here:   http://info40650.podomatic.com/entry/2013-01-23T03_51_15-08_00


M- Today we’re talking about being SICK.

M- Hi Cindy!

C- Hi Marta! How are you today?

M- I’m great, thanks! And you?

C- Feeling great! And I’m so thankful too, because it seems as if everyone has a cold right now! Everywhere I go people are coughing, sneezing and blowing their noses!

M- It’s this crazy weather- it’s sunny on Monday…

C- ….and snowing on Tuesday!  You’re right. I always seem to CATCH A COLD when the weather changes from one season to another. My nose acts as a sort of barometer!

M- So let’s talk a bit today about being sick.

C- That will be useful because a lot of people are feeling ‘’UNDER THE WEATHER’’ right now.

M- They’re feeling ‘’under the weather’’ .

C- That means they’re feeling a little bad, not well, a bit sick. First, let’s organize our discussion by parts of the body. We’ll start with the head. If your head hurts, that’s called a ‘’HEADACHE’’.

M- But what if your headache is really strong?

C- A strong headache is called a ‘’MIGRAINE’’ and it’s terrible. Migraine headaches can cause dizziness, blurred vision (that means your eyes don’t see well), nausea & sensitivity to light.

M- A migraine. Got it. What about ear problems?

C- Well, if your ear hurts- that’s an EARACHE …which can develop into an ear infection. Pay careful attention to ear pain and see a doctor if it worsens.

M- What about when something irritates your nose, and you need to keep ‘’blowing your nose’’?

C- Then you have a ‘’RUNNY NOSE’’. That can be caused by all kinds of irritants like dust & pollen. Or maybe you’ve caught a ‘’HEAD COLD’’.  A head cold is when your whole head just feels bad. You may have a headache, sore throat, sneezing and a  cough.

M- Good times!

C- I caught a head cold a few months ago and I blew my nose through the entire month of September!
Let’s see, what else can we talk about? If you feel a little dizzy, you can also say ‘’I FEEL LIGHT HEADED’’.

M- I feel light headed. That means ‘’I feel dizzy’’. Alright.

C- If your neck hurts, maybe because you have slept the night before in a bad position, then you can say


M- I have a stiff neck.

C- Ok, let’s move a little lower down the body. If you feel a little nauseous, if your stomach feels bad, you can say ‘’I feel a little QUEASY’’. That means you feel nauseous.

M- And if your back hurts?

C- Like mine does right now?  Then you have a BACKACHE. Or maybe it’s just a STIFF BACK and when you move around and get some exercise then your back will loosen up and feel better.

M- How about an expression related to mood?

C- Sure. If you’re feeling a little depressed, you can say ‘’I’m feeling BLUE’’, we’ve talked about that in a previous episode. You can also say ‘’I’M NOT MYSELF TODAY’’.

M- I’m not myself today. Got it.

C- ‘’I’m not myself today’’ can refer to your mood or your physical self. It can either mean you are a little depressed, or you’re not feeling well.

M- Ok, give us an example. Cindy, how are you today?

C- Oh, I’m not myself today. I guess I’m a little tired. Tonight, I’ll be sure to go to bed early.

M- Let’s move on to the rest of the body.

C- Okay, muscle contractions in the legs are pretty common. They’re very painful and usually (thankfully) don’t last long. When a muscle painfully contracts, for example from sitting in an uncomfortable position for too long, we call that a ‘’CRAMP’’.

M- When a muscle contracts and causes pain- that’s called a ‘’cramp’’.

C- Right, muscle contractions can cause cramps, but when we overextend a muscle that’s called a ‘’PULLED’’ MUSCLE.

M- Can you give us an example?

C- Sure. I tried to lift the sofa by myself, and I pulled a muscle in my back. The next time I move that heavy sofa, I will surely ask another person for help.

M- What if we injure a joint, but it’s not broken?

C- If we overextend, or twist a joint, that’s called a ‘’SPRAIN’’. It’s very painful and you may have swelling, but nothing is broken.

M- Sprained ankles are very common.

C- You can sprain your ankle playing basketball. You can sprain your knee  while dancing. You can sprain your wrist  while playing tennis. There are lots of ways to sprain your joints. Marta, have you ever sprained a joint?

M –  No, I haven’t.

C – Lucky you!


C- Thanks for listening everyone! Marta & I want to wish everyone a HAPPY & HEALTHY day! Take good care of each other, be good to each other and we hope to hear from you real soon.

M- Stop by today and say hello on our Facebook page!

C- Or on our blog at www.myamericanfriendblog.com. We’re also on iTunes, Podomatic, Twitter and YouTube. Take care everyone and thanks for listening!

M- Thanks everyone! Bye bye!



1. ”….feeling under the weather.”- to feel a bit sick, not quite well, tired, the feeling you have just before you catch a cold, to feel run down.

EXAMPLE: Everyone in my office is sick with the flu. Today I am feeling a little under the weather. I feel very tired and I have a sore throat.


2. Headache- head pain as a result of many causes like stress, illness, loud noise, bright light, eye strain, injury…etc… Headaches can have many origins.

EXAMPLE: Please turn the volume down on your stereo! That loud music is giving me a headache!


3. Migraine- a very strong, painful headache.


4. Blurred vision/Blurry vision- out of focus, not clear, fuzzy

EXAMPLE: A migraine headache can be accompanied by nausea, blurred vision and sensitivity to light.


5. Earache/Ear infection- ear pain/infection in the ear canal

EXAMPLE: An ear infection should be taken seriously. If you have ear pain you should visit a doctor for treatment.


6. Runny nose- irritation of the nose causing it ”to run” . Many things can cause a ”runny nose” like dust, pollen, pet fur or illness

EXAMPLE: I love cats but unfortunately I’m allergic to cat fur. Every time I visit my sister’s house, I always leave with a runny nose. Her cat is adorable but it makes me sneeze!


7. Head cold- common cold causing you to have a runny nose, sore throat, cough, headache and fatigue

EXAMPLE: I always catch a head cold in October when the weather begins to change from warm & sunny to cold & rainy.


8. To feel ”light headed”- to feel dizzy

EXAMPLE: I’m afraid of heights. I always feel light headed when I’m up too high.


9.  To have a stiff neck- pain in your neck, usually as a result of strained muscles, for example, from keeping your head turned to one side for too long, sleeping in a bad position, or cold temperatures

EXAMPLE: Last night, I fell asleep on my couch and awoke the next morning with a stiff neck. I took a hot shower and now the pain has subsided and I feel much better.


10. to feel a little ”queasy”- to feel a bit nauseous

EXAMPLE: I can’t stand horror movies! The sight of all that blood makes me feel queasy! I prefer funny movies instead.


11. to have a ”stiff” back- to have a sore back, mild back pain

EXAMPLE: I must purchase a new mattress for my bed. My old mattress is old and worn out. It’s too soft and it sags in the middle. Every morning I wake up with a stiff back.


12. Feeling blue- feeling a little down, depressed, in a sad mood

EXAMPLE: My brother has been feeling blue all day- it’s because his favorite football team lost the Super Bowl Championship! And I’m happy because my favorite team WON! 🙂


13. I’m not myself today- I’m in a bad mood today, I’m not feeling well today, I have a lot of stress/problems and I’m unfocused (this expression can be used for many things)

EXAMPLE: I’m sorry, I’m not myself today. I’m a bit tired and I think I’m catching a cold. I have a headache today. Tonight I will be sure to go to bed early and get a good night’s rest.


14. Muscle cramp- a strong contraction of a muscle, causing pain.

The marathon runner suffered a muscle cramp in his leg at the end of the race. Unfortunately, he could not finish and had to drop out.


15. Pulled muscle- to over extend a muscle, causing pain

Yesterday, I pulled a muscle in my back. I was at the gym and I tried to lift a weight that was too heavy for my body.


16. Sprain- to twist or bend a joint beyond its normal range of motion, causing pain or injury.

My brother tripped on the basketball court and sprained his ankle. The doctor said it was not a serious injury. He’s in a lot of pain, but nothing is broken. He’s keeping it elevated. The doctor said he must put ice on it to keep the swelling down.